Mottled sculpin Freshwater sculpins: phylogenetics to ecology
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Mottled sculpin Freshwater sculpins: phylogenetics to ecology

Sculpin

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Sculpin
Longhorn sculpin.jpg
Myoxocephalus octodecemspinosus
Scientific classification edit
Kingdom: Animalia
Phylum: Chordata
Class: Actinopterygii
Order: Scorpaeniformes
Suborder: Cottoidei
Superfamily:Cottoidea

A sculpin is a type of fish that belongs to the superfamily Cottoidea in the order Scorpaeniformes . [1] As of 2006, this superfamily contains 11 families, 149 genera, and 756 species. [2]

Sculpins occur in many types of habitat, including ocean and freshwater zones. They live in rivers, submarine canyons , kelp forests , and shallow littoral habitat types, such as tidepools . [1]

Sculpins are benthic fish, dwelling on the bottoms of water bodies. Their pectoral fins are smooth on the upper edge and webbed with sharp rays along the lower edge, a modification that makes them specialized for gripping the substrate. This adaptation helps the fish anchor in fast-flowing water. [1]

Families[ edit ]

Families include: [3]

  • Abyssocottidae : deep-water sculpins (24 species)
  • Agonidae (47 species)
  • Bathylutichthyidae (two species)
  • Comephoridae : Baikal oilfishes (two species)
  • Cottidae : common sculpins (258 species, including Icelidae , sometimes regarded as separate)
  • Cottocomephoridae : bighead sculpins, Baikal sculpins (9 species)
  • Ereuniidae : deepwater bullhead sculpins (three species)
  • Hemitripteridae : sea ravens, sailfin sculpins (eight species)
  • Psychrolutidae : fatheads (40 species)
  • Rhamphocottidae : the grunt sculpin (one species)

Gallery[ edit ]

  • Cottus caeruleomentum

  • Pseudoblennius zonostigma

  • Nautichthys oculofasciatus

  • Agonus cataphractus

  • Ambophthalmos angustus

References[ edit ]

  1. ^ a b c Kane, E. A. and T. E. Higham. (2012). Life in the flow lane: differences in pectoral fin morphology suggest transitions in station-holding demand across species of marine sculpin. Zoology (Jena) 115(4), 223-32.
  2. ^ Nelson, J. S. (2006) Fishes of the World . 4th Ed. Hoboken, New Jersey: John Wiley & Sons.
  3. ^ Froese, R. and D. Pauly. (Eds.) Order Summary for Scorpaeniformes. FishBase. 2011.
Taxon identifiers
  • Wikidata : Q1136740
  • Wikispecies : Cottoidea
  • EoL : 2791915
  • ITIS : 643429

Stub icon This Scorpaeniformes article is a stub . You can help Wikipedia by expanding it .

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Retrieved from ” https://en.wikipedia.org/w/index.php?title=Sculpin&oldid=854166718 ”
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      • This page was last edited on 9 August 2018, at 12:02 (UTC).
      • Text is available under the Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike License ;
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      Sculpin

      From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia

      Jump to navigation
      Jump to search

      Sculpin
      Longhorn sculpin.jpg
      Myoxocephalus octodecemspinosus
      Scientific classification edit
      Kingdom: Animalia
      Phylum: Chordata
      Class: Actinopterygii
      Order: Scorpaeniformes
      Suborder: Cottoidei
      Superfamily:Cottoidea

      A sculpin is a type of fish that belongs to the superfamily Cottoidea in the order Scorpaeniformes . [1] As of 2006, this superfamily contains 11 families, 149 genera, and 756 species. [2]

      Sculpins occur in many types of habitat, including ocean and freshwater zones. They live in rivers, submarine canyons , kelp forests , and shallow littoral habitat types, such as tidepools . [1]

      Sculpins are benthic fish, dwelling on the bottoms of water bodies. Their pectoral fins are smooth on the upper edge and webbed with sharp rays along the lower edge, a modification that makes them specialized for gripping the substrate. This adaptation helps the fish anchor in fast-flowing water. [1]

      Families[ edit ]

      Families include: [3]

      • Abyssocottidae : deep-water sculpins (24 species)
      • Agonidae (47 species)
      • Bathylutichthyidae (two species)
      • Comephoridae : Baikal oilfishes (two species)
      • Cottidae : common sculpins (258 species, including Icelidae , sometimes regarded as separate)
      • Cottocomephoridae : bighead sculpins, Baikal sculpins (9 species)
      • Ereuniidae : deepwater bullhead sculpins (three species)
      • Hemitripteridae : sea ravens, sailfin sculpins (eight species)
      • Psychrolutidae : fatheads (40 species)
      • Rhamphocottidae : the grunt sculpin (one species)

      Gallery[ edit ]

      • Cottus caeruleomentum

      • Pseudoblennius zonostigma

      • Nautichthys oculofasciatus

      • Agonus cataphractus

      • Ambophthalmos angustus

      References[ edit ]

      1. ^ a b c Kane, E. A. and T. E. Higham. (2012). Life in the flow lane: differences in pectoral fin morphology suggest transitions in station-holding demand across species of marine sculpin. Zoology (Jena) 115(4), 223-32.
      2. ^ Nelson, J. S. (2006) Fishes of the World . 4th Ed. Hoboken, New Jersey: John Wiley & Sons.
      3. ^ Froese, R. and D. Pauly. (Eds.) Order Summary for Scorpaeniformes. FishBase. 2011.
      Taxon identifiers
      • Wikidata : Q1136740
      • Wikispecies : Cottoidea
      • EoL : 2791915
      • ITIS : 643429

      Stub icon This Scorpaeniformes article is a stub . You can help Wikipedia by expanding it .

      • v
      • t
      • e

      Retrieved from ” https://en.wikipedia.org/w/index.php?title=Sculpin&oldid=854166718 ”
      Categories :

      • Scorpaeniformes
      • Fish of Greenland
      • Scorpaeniformes stubs
      Hidden categories:

      • Articles with ‘species’ microformats
      • All stub articles

      Navigation menu

      Personal tools

      • Not logged in
      • Talk
      • Contributions
      • Create account
      • Log in

      Namespaces

      • Article
      • Talk

      Variants

        Views

        • Read
        • Edit
        • View history

        More


          Navigation

          • Main page
          • Contents
          • Featured content
          • Current events
          • Random article
          • Donate to Wikipedia
          • Wikipedia store

          Interaction

          • Help
          • About Wikipedia
          • Community portal
          • Recent changes
          • Contact page

          Tools

          • What links here
          • Related changes
          • Upload file
          • Special pages
          • Permanent link
          • Page information
          • Wikidata item
          • Cite this page

          Print/export

          • Create a book
          • Download as PDF
          • Printable version

          In other projects

          • Wikispecies

          Languages

          • العربية
          • Deutsch
          • Euskara
          • فارسی
          • Français
          • 한국어
          • Українська
          Edit links

          • This page was last edited on 9 August 2018, at 12:02 (UTC).
          • Text is available under the Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike License ;
            additional terms may apply. By using this site, you agree to the Terms of Use and Privacy Policy . Wikipedia® is a registered trademark of the Wikimedia Foundation, Inc. , a non-profit organization.
          • Privacy policy
          • About Wikipedia
          • Disclaimers
          • Contact Wikipedia
          • Developers
          • Cookie statement
          • Mobile view
          • Wikimedia Foundation
          • Powered by MediaWiki

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